Friday, November 29, 2019

EUROHISTORY – Issue CXXI, Volume 22.1

After a long hiatus, this past week we have been working non-stop to bring EUROHISTORY's four issues for 2019 to life!

With that goal in mind, we are delighted to announce that Issue CXXI, Volume 22.1 will be sent to print early this next week!


Inside the Issue subscribers will find the following articles:

1. The Last Journey: Ritual and Commemoration at Empress Zita's Funeral, by Justin Vovk.

2. Prince Henrik of Denmark (1934-2018), by Coryne Hall.

3. Royal Associations with Jerusalem, by Katrina Warne.

4. King Farouk of Egypt – More Sinned Against Than Sinning?, by Alex Borg.

5. The Duke de Penthièvre (1725-1793), by Arturo E. Beéche.

6. Book Reviews.

7. Royal News.


The Late Empress Zita of Austria, Queen of Hungary

The late Prince Henrik of Denmark

King Farouk of Egypt

The Duke de Penthièvre

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Jerusalem


Subscription Information

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Ferdinand Habsburg, Archduke of Austria, to Join Austrian Army in December

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Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (b.1997; normally known as Ferdinand Habsburg) is set to join the Austrian military in December 2019. The motor racing driver is the only son of Archduke Karl of Austria (b.1961), Head of the Imperial House of Habsburg, and Archduchess Francesca (b.1958; née Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva), who married in 1993. Ferdinand is the grandson of the late Dr. Otto von Habsburg (1912-2011), Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, and Archduchess Regina (1925-2010; née Saxe-Meiningen).



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Swapping fireproof to camouflage for a while.⠀ I’m starting my military service in January. Happy to be able to give back to my country. But don't worry, I won't let my racing seat go cold for too long. I will be back in 2020. And probably fitter than ever, because the Austrian army offers excellent opportunities for us athletes. Watch this space for further details.⠀ - ⠀ Jetzt heißt es Uniform statt Rennanzug!⠀ Schon im Januar beginnt mein Präsenzdienst beim Österreichischen Bundesheer und ich bin stolz, meiner Heimat etwas zurückgeben zu können.⠀ Aber keine Sorge, ich werde 2020 wieder in meinem Rennwagen sitzen und das wahrscheinlich fitter denn je, denn unser Heer bietet für uns Athleten exzellente Möglichkeiten. Jedenfalls halte ich Euch hier auf dem Laufenden. #bundesheer #ÖBH #österreich
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Ferdinand announced that he would be beginning his military service via his social media accounts. Ferdinand's father Karl joined the Austrian Army for training as a reserve officers career in 1981. Between 1982- 1984, Archduke Karl served as a platoon commander, and, later in 1984, joined the Austrian Air Force for pilot training as a Lieutenant. From 1985-1996, Karl von Habsburg served as a pilot in the Austrian Air Force. Thus, in a way, Ferdinand is following in a family tradition.

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To visit Ferdinand Habsburg's personal website, please visit this link: Ferdinand Habsburg

For further news and articles about Europe's Gotha families, join Eurohistory!

Albanian Crown Princely Couple Visit Areas Devastated by Earthquake; Appeal for Aid

Crown Prince Leka and Crown Princess Elia 
Since the beginning of this week, Crown Prince Leka and Crown Princess Elia of the Albanians have been visiting areas of their country which were struck by a 6.4-magnitude earthquake on Monday, 25 November. This was the strongest earthquake to hit the country in forty years: so far, officials state that fifty people were killed, and over 900 people were injured. The epicentre of the earthquake was in Mamuras, in the northwest of Albania; tremors of the quake were felt in Tirana, where the couple live. The coastal city of Durrës (Durazzo) and its residents have been particularly affected by damage that the earthquake left in its wake.

Crown Princess Elia with fellow Albanians affected by the earthquake
When the earthquake first occurred, the crown princely couple issued the following statement:
In the wake of the devastating earthquake which hit Albania, we express our sincere condolences to the families who lost their loved ones during this night of terror. 
Our thoughts and prayers go to the victims, and for the safety of those who are still in danger under the rubble. 
This is time for solidarity, to help the victims of this horrific earthquake which shook our land. 
We are grateful to all states and institutions which are assisting us during this time of emergency and despair. 
Special appreciation goes to Kosova for their brotherly support. God help us, let us pray not to relive such terror!

Leka and Elia of the Albanians

Since then, Crown Prince Leka and Crown Princess Elia have continued to go to those parts of Albania which were most strongly hit by the earthquake. They are also asking for all who are so inclined to donate to relief efforts.

Leka and Elia of the Albanians with relief workers and law enforcement personnel

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The Sixtieth Birthday of Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia, First Cousin of Crown Prince Alexander

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Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia entered the world on 28 November 1959 at London. She was the second child and first daughter of Prince Tomislav of Yugoslavia (Belgrade, Yugoslavia 19 January 1928-Topola, Serbia 12 July 2000) and of Princess Margarita of Baden (Salem 14 July 1932-15 January 2013). Prince Tomislav of Yugoslavia, the second son of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (Cetinje, Montenegro 16 December 1888-Marseilles, France 9 October 1934) and his wife Queen Marie (Gotha 8 January 1900-London 22 June 1961; née Romania), had married Princess Margarita of Baden, first child and only daughter of Margrave Berthold of Baden (Karlsruhe 24 February 1906-Spaichingen, Württemberg 27 October 1963) and Margravine Theodora (Athens 30 May 1906-Konstanz 16 October 1969; née Greece and Denmark), in June 1957 at Salem, in both civil and religious ceremonies. Princess Katarina followed an older brother, Prince Nicholas (b.London 15 March 1958).

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Katarina's parents were both descendants of Queen Victoria: Prince Tomislav through his maternal grandmother Queen Marie of Romania, who was a daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, a son of Queen Victoria; Princess Margarita through her maternal grandmother Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark (née Battenberg), who was a daughter of Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (herself a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, as the daughter of the Queen's daughter Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine). Tomislav and Margarita raised their family on a farm in Sussex: the couple tended to apple orchards and raised chickens. Prince Tomislav and his wife Margarita also had a hand in caring for their nephew, Crown Prince Alexander (b.1945), the only child of King Peter II of Yugoslavia (1923-1970) and his wife Queen Alexandra (1921-1993; née Greece). Tomislav and Margarita of Yugoslavia divorced in 1981. Tomislav later remarried and had two more children; Margarita never married again.

Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia and her fiancée Desmond de Silva, QC (1987)
Photograph (c) Srdja Djukanovic
Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia and Sir Desmond de Silva, QC (1995)
Photograph (c) Hugo Bernand
For a stint in the 1980s, Katarina worked in London at Harrods in the housewares department. The princess has recalled that her father, Prince Tomislav, gave her the following advice when she was growing up: "Treat people the way you want to be treated." On 5 December 1987, Princess Katarina married Sir Desmond de Silva, QC (1939-2018). Katarina and Desmond had one daughter: Victoria de Silva (b.1991). The couple divorced in 2010.

Princess Margarita of Baden, her daughter Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia, Sir Desmond de Silva, and Victoria de Silva
(Schloß Salem, 2007)
Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia
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Princess Katarina of Yugoslavia resides in the United Kingdom. She maintains close relations with her first cousin, Crown Prince Alexander of Serbia and Head of the Serbian Royal Family, and his wife, Crown Princess Katherine. Katarina is a Dame of the Order of Saint Sava, which was given to her by Crown Prince Alexander. Princess Katarina is the President of The Guild of Travel and Tourism as well as being actively involved in supporting many charitable causes. The princess is particularly keen on mentoring British youth on how to navigate the professional world: this includes working with students and young people on developing interviewing skills, creating a solid résumé, accurately projecting one's career goals, etc.


We wish Her Royal Highness many happy returns of the day!

To learn more about Princess Katarina, please visit her website: HRH Princess Katarina

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Wednesday, November 27, 2019

In Profile, a Modern Princess: Louise d'Orléans, Daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Chartres



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The parents of Louise: Prince Charles-Louis d'Orléans and Iléana Manos on their wedding day
Born at Paris on 6 December 1999, Princess Louise Marie Isabelle d'Orléans is the eldest daughter of Prince Charles-Louis, Duke of Chartres, and his wife Princess Iléana (née Manos; a cousin of Crown Prince Alexander of Serbia). Louise has an older brother, Prince Philippe (b.1998), and three younger siblings: Princess Hélène (b.2001), Prince Constantin (b.2003), and Princess Isabelle (b.2005). Princess Louise d'Orléans is the granddaughter of Prince Jacques, Duke of Orléans, and his wife Princess Gersende (née de Sabran-Pontevès); therefore, Louise is the great-granddaughter of the late Prince Henri, Count of Paris, and his wife Princess Isabelle (née Orléans e Bragança), as well as of Foulques de Sabran-Pontevès, Duc de Sabran, and his wife Roselyne (née Manca-Amat de Vallombrosa).



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Princess Louise d'Orléans recently gave an interview to journalist Chloé Friedmann of Madame Figaro. In it, she gave a lot of insight into her life and her goals and hopes for the future. Louise is a third-year student focusing on agricultural engineering at a university in Lille (l’École d’ingénieur agroalimentaire). Like many of her relatives, she enjoys painting and expressing herself artistically. Louise has traveled extensively in South America, and she would love to live in either Argentina or Brazil one day. The princess confides that she is a great admirer of Queen Elizabeth II, and that she also likes watching the Netflix series, The Crown. 



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Louise d'Orléans will be one of the participants at the upcoming Bal des Débutantes held in Paris on 30 November. She will be wearing a gown designed by Giambattista Valli. Princess Louise hopes that her attendance at the ball will help to raise funds for two charities, Seleni and Enfants d'Asie, which Louise and her parents both support. 


For Louise's full interview with Chloé Friedmann of Madame Figaro, please visit this link: Louise d’Orléans : "Je dois faire la révérence devant mes tantes"


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Bust of King Paul of Greece Unveiled at Museum in Athens; Constantine & Anne-Marie Present

Bust of King Paul of the Hellenes
Photograph (c) The Royal Chronicles
On Wednesday, 27 November, a bust of His late Majesty King Paul of the Hellenes was presented at the Museum of the City of Athens.

King Constantine II of the Hellenes at the presentation of his father's statue
Photograph (c) The Royal Chronicles
The likeness of King Paul was donated by the Graduates Association of Anavryta Classical Lyceum, on the occasion of the lyceum's seventieth anniversary.

King Constantine II and Queen Anne-Marie of the Hellenes
Photograph (c) The Royal Chronicles
King Constantine II of the Hellenes and Queen Anne-Marie (née Denmark) were present for the event.

Many thanks to Andreas Megos for sharing this information on Twitter.

Source: Επίσημη παρουσίαση της προτομής του Βασιλέως Παύλου στο Μουσείο της Πόλεως των Αθηνών


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Monday, November 25, 2019

The Saxon Royal Succession Act of 1997 and the Current Royal Family of Saxony

Prince Alexander, Princess Anastasia-Luise, Prince Maria Emanuel, and Princess Gisela of Saxony
On 22 May 1997 at Dresden, all of the living princes and princesses of the Royal House of Saxony, including living consorts (morganatic or otherwise) who had married princes of the blood, agreed to a succession agreement as it pertained to the future of the Saxon royal family. This act decreed that Prince Maria Emanuel of Saxony, Margrave of Meißen and Head of the Royal House, would be succeeded by his nephew, Prince Alexander, the eldest son of Maria Emanuel's sister Princess Maria Anna of Saxony and her husband Robert de Afif.

Prince Dedo of Saxony (1922-2009)
Princess Erina of Saxony (1921-2010; née Eilts)
Princess Anastasia-Luise of Saxony, Margravine of Meissen (b.1940; née Princess of Anhalt)
Prince Albert of Saxony (1934-2012)
Princess Elmira of Saxony (b.1930; née Henke)
Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1928-2018)
Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1929-2012)
Photograph (c) Royal House of Saxony
Princess Mathilde of Saxony (1936-2018) with her son Prince Johannes Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1969-1987)
Specifically, those present at the gathering in Dresden were these members of the royal family: Prince Dedo of Saxony (1922-2009; he also acted as a representative for his brother, Prince Gero of Saxony [1925-2003], and for his stepmother, Princess Virginia of Saxony [1910-2002; née Dulon; widow of Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony]), Princess Erina of Saxony (1921-2010; née Eilts; widow of Prince Timo of Saxony), Princess Anastasia Luise of Saxony (b.1940; née Anhalt; wife of the late Margrave Maria Emanuel of Meissen, Prince of Saxony [1926-2016]), Prince Albert of Saxony (1934-2012), Princess Elmira of Saxony (b.1930; née Henke; wife of Prince Albert), Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1928-2018), Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1929-2012), and Princess Mathilde of Saxony (1936-2018).

Margrave Friedrich Christian of Meißen with his sons Prince Maria Emanuel and Prince Albert
Photograph (c) Royal House of Saxony
The Saxon Royal Succession Act of 22 May 1997 read as follows:

H.R.H. Prince Dedo of Saxony, Duke of Saxony
     at the same time acting in authority for
     H.R.H. Prince Gero of Saxony, Duke of Saxony, as well as for
     H.R.H. Princess Virginia of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Princess Erina of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Princess Anastasia-Luise, Margrave of Meissen, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Dr. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Saxony
H.R.H. Princess Elmira of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Princess Maria Anna of Saxony-Gessaphe, Duchess of Saxony
H.R.H. Dr. Princess Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony 
We hereby declare, 
In the responsibility of today's living and acting generation of the Wettins and in light of the more than 900-year history of our dynasty and in the knowledge that the family and Saxony should be given a predictable for the next decades personnel perspective: 
We acknowledge the wishes of H.R.H. Prince Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen, Duke of Saxony, who has expressed his intention to enable our nephew Prince Alexander to succeed him as Margrave of Meissen, and we are in agreement with his intention. 
This consent does not affect any civil rights of the declarant. 
(Signed) 
H.R.H. Prince Dedo of Saxony, Duke of Saxony 
H.R.H. Princess Erina of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony 
H.R.H. Princess Anastasia-Luise, Margrave of Meissen, Duchess of Saxony 
H.R.H. Dr. Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Saxony  
H.R.H. Princess Elmira of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony 
H.R.H. Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony 
H.R.H. Princess Maria Anna of Saxony-Gessaphe, Duchess of Saxony 
H.R.H. Dr. Princess Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess of Saxony 
The above copy is in accordance with the original submitted to me today.
I certify this. 
Dresden, 22.05.1997 
Dr. Horn de la Fontaine 
Notary

The original document reads as follows:

S.K.H. Prinz Dedo von Sachsen Herzog zu Sachsen     zugleich in Vollmacht handelnd für     S.K.H. Prinz Gero von Sachsen Herzog zu Sachsen sowie     I.K.H. Prinzessin Virginia von Sachsen Herzogin zu SachsenI.K.H. Prinzessin Erina von Sachsen Herzogin zu SachsenI.K.H. Prinzessin Anastasia-Luise Markgräfin von Meissen Herzogin zu SachsenS.K.H. Dr. Prinz Albert von Sachsen Herzog zu SachsenI.K.H. Prinzessin Elmira von Sachsen Herzogin zu SachsenI.K.H. Prinzessin Maria Josepha von Sachsen Herzogin zu SachsenI.K.H. Prinzessin Maria Anna von Sachsen-Gessaphe Herzogin zu SachsenI.K.H. Dr. Prinzessin Mathilde von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha Herzogin zu Sachsen 
erklären hiermit 
in der Verantwortung der heute lebenden und handelnden Generation der Wettiner vor der über 900-jährigen Geschtichte unseres Hauses und in dem Besußtsein, daß der Familie und Sachsen eine für die nächsten Jahrzehnte berechenbare personelle Perspektive gegeben werden soll: 
Wir nehmen die von S.K.H. Prinz Maria Emanuel Markgraf von Meissen Herzog zu Sachsen geäußerte Absicht, unserem Neffen Prinz Alexander die unmittelbare Nachfolge als Markgraf von Meissen zu ermöglichen, zustimmend zur Kenntis. 
Von dieser Zustimmung bleiben etwaige bürgerliche Rechte der Erklärenden unberührt. 
S.K.H. Prinz Dedo von Sachsen Herzog zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Prinzessin Erina von Sachsen Herzogin zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Prinzessin Anastasia-Luise Markgräfin von Meissen Herzogin zu Sachsen 
S.K.H. Dr. Prinz Albert von Sachsen Herzog zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Prinzessin Elmira von Sachsen Herzogin zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Prinzessin Maria Josepha von Sachsen Herzogin zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Prinzessin Maria Anna von Sachsen-Gessaphe Herzogin zu Sachsen 
I.K.H. Dr. Prinzessin Mathilde von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha Herzogin zu Sachsen 
Vorstehende Abschrift stimmt mit der mir heute vorgelegten Urschrift überein. 
Dies beglaubige ich.  
Dresden, 22.05.1997 
Dr. Horn de la Fontaine 
Notar
Page 1 of the Saxon Royal Succession Act of 1997
Page 2 of the Saxon Royal Succession Act of 1997
Page 3 of the Saxon Royal Succession Act of 1997
In accordance with the Saxon Royal Succession Act of 1997, Prince Alexander of Saxony (b.1953) was unilaterally recognised by all members of the royal family as the heir to his uncle, the Margrave of Meißen. Further, on 1 June 1999, Maria Emanuel of Saxony legally adopted his nephew Alexander as his son; therefore, Alexander and his children were able to use the surname in Germany of "Prinz/Prinzessin von Sachsen, Herzon/Herzogin zu Sachsen." When Prince Maria Emanuel of Saxony died in 2012, Prince Alexander succeeded as the Head of the Royal House. In 1987, Prince Alexander of Saxony married Princess Gisela of Bavaria (b.1964), daughter of Prince Rasso of Bavaria and Archduchess Theresa of Austria-Tuscany. Margrave Alexander and Margravine Gisela of Meißen have four children: Prince Georg (b.1988), Prince Mauricio (b.1989), Prince Clemens (b.1993), and Princess Teresita (b.1999). 

Margrave Alexander and Margravine Gisela of Meißen, with the Dowager Margravine Anastasia-Luise, as well as their children: Prince Georg, Prince Mauricio, Prince Clemens, and Princess Teresita of Saxony (2012)
Photograph (c) Royal House of Saxony

For more about the Royal Family of Saxony, please visit this link: Markgraf von Meissen

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Saturday, November 23, 2019

Romanian Royal Family Attends Memorial Service for King Michael

The Royal Family of Romania
(left to right) Princess Alina-Maria, Prince Nicholas, Princess Sophie, Prince Radu, and Margarita, Custodian of the Crown
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
The Romanian Royal Family
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
Margarita, Custodian of the Crown, places a wreath on the grave of her father King Michael
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
The members of the Romanian royal family have attended a Parastas (Memorial Service) for King Michael of Romania. His Majesty passed away at Aubonne, Switzerland, on 5 December 2017.

Prince Nicholas of Romania at the grave of King Michael
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
Princess Alina-Maria of Romania at the grave of King Michael
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului
Archbishop Calinic of Argeș and Muscel presided over the service at the New Archbishop and Royal Cathedral at Curtea de Argeș. The following members of the Royal House were present: Custodian of the Crown Margarita with her husband Prince Radu, Princess Sophie, and Prince Nicholas with his wife Princess Alina-Maria.

Prince Nicholas and Princess Alina-Maria depart the Parastas for their grandfather King Michael
Photograph (c) Arhiepiscopia Argesului Si Muscelului




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Prince Vladimir, Son of Prince Andrej of Yugoslavia, Forms Monarchist Movement in Serbia

Prince Vladimir
Photograph (c) HRH Prince Vladimir Karađorđević
Serbian press outlets are reporting that Prince Vladimir Karađorđević has formed the political movement named "Monarchist Front." The Monarchist Front is scheduled to begin its operations in 2020. The idea behind ​​the Monarchist Front is: "to overcome the current political and social crisis, for which political parties are largely responsible. The aim is to bring citizens together around an idea that could represent a factor of stability in society, and that is the institution of the monarch in the context of a possible restoration of the monarchy."

Prince Vladimir at the funeral of his father Prince Andrej in 1990
Photograph (c) HRH Prince Vladimir Karađorđević
Prince Vladimir (b.1964) is the eldest son of Prince Andrej of Yugoslavia (1929-1990) and his second wife Princess Kira of Leiningen (1930-2005). Vladimir has two older siblings from his father's first marriage to Princess Christina of Hesse (1933-2011): Princess Tatiana (b.1957), and Prince Christopher (1960-1994). Vladimir has two siblings from his parents' marriage: Princess Lavinia Marie (b.1961) and Prince Dimitri (b.1965). Prince Vladimir married Brigitte Müller (now Princess Brigitta Karađorđević) civilly in 2000 and religiously in 2001. The couple had one son, Prince Kirill Andrej, who was born and died in 2001. Prince Vladimir is a first cousin of Crown Prince Alexander (II) of Serbia, the only child of King Peter II of Yugoslavia and his wife Queen Alexandra (née Greece).

Prince Vladimir and Princess Brigitta
Photograph (c) HRH Prince Vladimir Karađorđević
Confirmation of the formation of the Monarchist Front was given by Dejan Damnjanović, the Chief of the Cabinet of Prince Vladimir.

Source: Принц Владимир Карађорђевић оснива Монархистички фронт
Cabinet of HRH Prince Vladimir Karadjordjevic

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