Monday, April 22, 2019

New Images of Prince Louis of Cambridge Before He Turns One

Ahead of his first birthday tomorrow, three images of Prince Louis of Cambridge have been released by the Royal Family. The pictures were taken by his mother the Duchess of Cambridge at the family home in Norfolk. Prince Louis was born on 23 April 2018 at St Mary's Hospital, London.

Sunday, April 21, 2019

Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg in Critical Condition

From the official communiqué released by the Grand Duchy...

The state of health of Grand Duke Jean has declined since yesterday evening, the cour grand-ducale has announced. Luxembourg‘s former head of state was hospitalised about a week ago following a pulmonary infection. During the course of last week his health had initially improved. The whole Grand Ducal Family is at his bedside. 

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Seventh Wedding Anniversary of Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım of Liechtenstein

[Note: The following announcement was made on 19 April 2012 by Arturo E. Beéche upon the eve of the marriage of Prince Rudolf of Liechtenstein and Miss Tılsım Tanberk.]
Marriage in House Liechtenstein 
Prince Rudolf of Liechtenstein will be married to Ms. Tilsin Tanberk on April 20, 2012.
Rudolf is the son of Prince Philipp Erasmus of Liechtenstein and of his wife Princess Isabelle (née de l'Arbre de Malander). 
Ms Tanberk is the daughter of Mr. Olgun Tanberk and of his wife Melek (née Kampulat). 
The wedding is scheduled to take place in Istanbul on Friday, 20 April 2012.

The celebration of the union of Prince Rudolf and Tılsım Tanberk lasted from 20-22 April 2012. On Saturday, 21 April 2012, Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım of Liechtenstein were married in a Roman Catholic ceremony at the Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, Istanbul. The reception for the couple was held at Çırağan Palace, a former residence of the Ottoman Imperial Family and now a five star hotel. Among the 500 guests were Prince Philippe of Belgium, Duke of Brabant (now King Philippe I of the Belgians), Princess Michael of Kent, Princess Sibilla of Luxembourg (presumably with her husband Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg), Princess Camilla, Duchess of Castro (presumably with her husband Prince Carlo, Duke of Castro), Princess Margarita and Prince Radu of Romania, and Prince Michael of Yugoslavia as well as by the groom's first cousin Hereditary Prince Alois of Liechtenstein. 

The marriage of Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım was described by another guest, Patricia della Giovampaola:
The wedding was fabulous. Not a detail was left unattended. A refined and exquisite menu. 
The bride and groom, lovely, young and deeply in love. The ceremony was touching, with a choir and an excellent soprano. The ladies were so elegant, all of them wearing hats (as it should be) and mainly nude shoes. However, I've seen an explosion of colors in their dresses: neon green, orange, fuchsia, pinks. 
It's Spring, so flowers seem proper in hats. 
After the ceremony, we run back to our hotel to change for the great Gala Dinner at the Ciragan Sirayi...

Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım of Liechtenstein

The couple have become the the parents of three children: Princess Alienor Faye (29 September 2014-13 December 2015), and twins Princess Laetitia and Prince Karl Ludwig (b.21 July 2016).

Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım of Liechtenstein

Prince Rudolf (b.7 Sep 1975) attended the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and works in global finance. Princess Tılsım (b.20 Jul 1974) was educated at both Columbia University and Brown University. 


Archduchess Ilona of Austria As Remembered By Arturo E. Beéche

[Note: This piece was written and published by Arturo E. Beéche, Founder and Publisher of Eurohistory, in memory of Archduchess Ilona of Austria when she passed away in 2011.]

+ HIRH Archduchess Helene (Ilona) of Austria (1927-2011)

At Bad Krozingen, Germany, HI & RH Archduchess Ilona of Austria has died. Her passing took place on January 12. The archduchess was in her 84th year.

Born Helene, but known by the more Hungarian-sounding version of her name, Ilona was the second daughter of Archduke Joseph Franz of Austria (1895-1957) and his wife, the former Princess Anna Monica of Saxony (1903-1976). Joseph Franz was the son of Archduke Joseph August (1872-1962) and of his wife Augusta (1875-1964), a granddaughter of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, king of Hungary.

Archduchess Anna Monica was the youngest child of the ill-paired couple formed by King Friedrich August III of Saxony and his former wife Louisa, former Archduchess of Tuscany, whose exploits were the fodder of newspapers and wagging tongues in the first decade of the XX century.

The Joseph branch of the Austrian Imperial family owned vast properties in and around Hungary, all of which were lost after the country fell victim to the Communist yoke in 1945. Ilona of Austria was born while her parents resided at their town palace in Budapest, her birth taking place in Budapest.

As the Josephs of Austria escaped from the oncoming Soviet troops pouring into Hungary, the family took what it could carry and departed for exile. Their frantic meandering brought them to Sigmaringen, where Anna Monica's elder sister lived. Since 1920 Princess Margarete of Saxony had been married to Fürst Friedrich Viktor of Hohenzollern, Head of the princely family between 1927-1965. In fact, it was at Sigmaringen, which served as a refugee center for many dislocated Eastern European royals, that Archduchess Ilona married in 1946. Her choice of husband landed on Duke Georg Alexander of Mecklenburg (1921-1996), eldest son of Duke Georg Alexander (1899-1963) and his first wife, the former Irina Raieskaya (1892-1955). His second wife was Archduchess Charlotte of Austria (1921-1989), next to youngest daughter of Emperor Karl of Austria and his wife Zita, née Princess of Bourbon-Parma.

Archduchess Ilona and Duke Georg Alexander were married for nearly thirty years, their union ending in dissolution in 1974. Irreconcilable interests, as well as a third party, brought an end to their marriage. However, in the nearly three decades during which they were married, Ilona and Georg Alexander had four children: Duchess Elisabeth (b. 1947), Duchess Marie Catherine (b. 1949), Duchess Karoline (b. 1952) and Duke Georg Borwin (b. 1956.)

All of Ilona's children married. Duchess Elisabeth married Count Alhard von dem Bussche-Ippenburg, gen.v.Kessell, but they are now divorced. Marie Christine married Wolfgang von Wasielewski. Karoline is married to Constantin Harmsen; while Georg Borwin married Alice Wagner, by whom he has three children: Olga (b.1988), Alexander (b. 1991) and Michael (b. 1994).

Duke Georg Alexander died at Mirow (in Mecklenburg) on January 26, 1996, at which time Duke Georg Borwin succeeded as Head of House Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Archduchess Ilona's death leaves a large void behind. One of her nieces described her to us as, "A lovely, lovely, humble and prayerful woman. May she rest in Peace and may the Angels meet her to bring her to Paradise ..."

Funeral arrangements have yet to be announced. 

Archduchess Ilona of Austria

Archduchess Ilona of Austria
Source: Eurohistory Royal Genealogy Binders - Mecklenburg-Strelitz (2003)

Left to right: Archduke Joseph Arpad, Archduchess Anna Monica holding Archduke Istvan, Archduchess Margit, Archduke Joseph Franz, Archduchesses Ilona and Anna Theresia (c. 1934). Source: Eurohistory Royal Archive

Archduchess Ilona of Austria

For more on the life of Archduchess Ilona of Austria, please visit this link: Archduchess Ilona of Austria

Friday, April 19, 2019

In Profile: Prince and Landgrave Alexis of Hesse

Prince Alexis of Hesse with his dog Paul
Photograph (c) Werra Rundschau

At the link, feel free to view a delightful piece by DW News on Prince Alexis and Landgrave of Hesse (of the Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld line) and his family's home of Schloss Augustenau. Prince Alexis, who studied art history, has managed Schloss Augustenau and its estate for nearly a decade.

Alexis (b.5 March 1977) is the only son of Prince and Landgrave Hermann of Hesse (b.21 August 1935) and Countess Monika Strachwitz von Groß-Zauche und Camminetz (b.11 July 1939), who married on 9 May 1962. The couple's only daughter, Princess Verena (b.12 February 1972), is married since 2000 to Felix von Saucken (b.1970). Alexis is the nephew of Prince and Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse (b.1933), the Head of the Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld family.

Princess and Landgravine Monika of Hesse (née Strachwitz von Groß-Zauche und Camminetz)
Photograph (c) Osthessen News

The paternal grandparents of Prince Alexis are Prince Wilhelm and Landgrave of Hesse (1905-k.i.a. 1942) and Princess Marianne of Prussia (1913-1983). The maternal grandparents of Alexis are Count Manfred Strachwitz von Groß-Zauche und Camminetz (1899-1972) and his wife Toska von Baumbach (1915-1974). 

The 1933 wedding of Prince and Landgrave Wilhelm of Hesse and Princess Marianne of Prussia
Photograph (c) Deutsches Historisches Museum
Count Manfred Strachwitz von Groß-Zauche und Camminetz

Visit this link to learn more about the Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld family and Schloss Augustenau: Schloss Augustenau

Lady Pamela Hicks At 90: Her Life in Video

Lady Pamela Hicks (née Mountbatten)

On 19 April 1929, Lady Pamela Carmen Louise Mountbatten was at Barcelona as the second daughter and last child of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), and his wife Lady Mountbatten (1900-1960; née Hon. Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley). Lady Pamela joined an elder sister Patricia, eventual 2nd Countess of Burma (1924-2017). Pamela's godfathers were King Alfonso XIII of Spain, in whose country she was born, and Prince George, Duke of Kent; one of her godmothers was her aunt, Queen Louise of Sweden (1889-1965; née Mountbatten).

In 1947, Lady Pamela served as a bridesmaid to her third cousin HRH The Princess Elizabeth (now HM The Queen), eldest daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, at the princess' wedding to HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Pamela's first cousin. 

Lady Pamela Mountbatten married David Nightingale Hicks (1929-1998) on 13 January 1960 at Romsey Abbey. Pamela's bridesmaids were Princess Anne, Princess Clarissa of Hesse, Victoria Marten, Lady Amanda Knatchbull and the Hon. Joanna Knatchbull. David Hicks forged a terribly successfully career as an interior designer. 

Lady Pamela Hicks and her husband had three children, two daughters and a son: Edwina (b.1961), Ashley (b.1963), and India (b.1967). Edwina Hicks is an artist; Ashley Hicks followed in his father's footsteps as an interior designer; and India Hicks owns her fashion and accessories company. 

India Hicks, a bridesmaid at the 1981 wedding of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, occasionally shares candid and entertaining clips of her mother on India's Instagram account. Lady Pamela Hicks remains as sharp and witty as ever. 

View this post on Instagram

A post shared by India Hicks (@indiahicksstyle) on

Lady Pamela has published two volumes of memoirs: India Remembered: A Personal Account of the Mountbattens During the Transfer of Power (2007) and Daughter of Empire: Life as a Mountbatten (2012). She resides at The Grove near Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, England. 

Eurohistory wishes Lady Pamela a very Happy Birthday!

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

On This Day In History: The Birth of Prince Mirko of Montenegro

Prince Mirko of Montenegro (1879-1918)

The second son and ninth child of Prince (eventual King) Nikola I and Princess (eventual Queen) Milena of Montenegro was born at St Petersburg on 17 April 1879. The Montenegrin prince was given the Mirko. Mirko had an older and younger brother: Crown Prince Danilo (1872-1939) and Prince Peter (1889-1932). Prince Mirko also had a deluge of sisters: Princess Zorka (1864-1890; wife of the future King Peter I of Serbia), Princess Milica (1866-1951; wife of Grand Duke Peter of Russia), Princess Anastasia (1868-1935; firstly wed to Duke George of Leuchtenberg, secondly wed to Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia), Princess Marica (1869-1885), Princess Elena (1871-1952; Queen consort of Italy as wife to King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy), Princess Anna (1873-1971; wife of Prince Franz Joseph of Battenberg), Princess Sofia (born and died 1876), Princess Xenia (1881-1960), and Princess Vera (1887-1927). The couple who produced this large and well-connected brood became King and Queen of Montenegro in 1910, when the nation was upgraded from a principality to a kingdom. Due to the advantageous marriages of his children, King Nikola was known as the "Father-In-Law of Europe."

King Nikola and Queen Milena of Montenegro in 1910

Prince Mirko was somewhat of the family pet. Due to his charm and good looks, the young prince was forgiven many of the pranks that he pulled on those at the palace at Cetinje. Even his father, the stern Nikola, turned a blind eye. Mirko traveled extensively on the European Continent. As he did so, gossip columnists frequently wrote stories about this and that princess to whom the prince might attach himself. At one point in 1901, before his marriage, Princess Laetitia, Dowager Duchess of Aosta, tried her hand at playing matchmaker between the prince and one of her Bonaparte relatives.

Prince Mirko of Montenegro
Yet, when the time came, Mirko of Montenegro chose a bride with connections closer to home. While in Nice, around 1901, he met Natalija "Lili" Konstantinović (1882-1950), the daughter of Colonel Alexander Konstantinović, himself the son of Alexander Konstantinović and Princess Anka Obrenović (1821-1868). Princess Anka, Natalija's grandmother, was the aunt of King Milan of Serbia and the grand-aunt of the ill-fated King Alexander of Serbia. Mirko fell head over heels for this descendant of the Obrenović dynasty. Prince Mirko and Natalija Konstantinović were married at Cetinje on 25 July 1902. 

The engaged couple: Natalija Konstantinović and Prince Mirko of Montenegro
The wedding of Prince Mirko and Princess Natalija of Montenegro

The couple quickly set about establishing a family. In total, five sons were born to Mirko and Natalija; however, only one lived to adulthood. Their children were Prince Stephan (1903-1908), Prince Stanislav (1905-1908), Prince Mihailo (1908-1986), Prince Pavle (1910-1933), and Prince Emmanuel (1912-1928). When Princess Natalija was pregnant with her third son Mihailo in 1908, she and Mirko suffered the blow of the deaths of their two eldest sons, Stephan and Stanislav, within a period of two months. This loss greatly undermined the couple's relationship and fondness for one another. The later births of Princes Pavle and Emmanuel were not sufficient to bind their father and mother together. Shortly after the birth of Emmanuel in 1912, the couple separated, and Natalia returned to her parents. Some genealogies record that Prince Mirko and Natalija divorced in 1917, while others maintain that the couple were still separated at the time of Mirko's death.

The Lost Princes: Stephan (1903-1908) and Stanislav (1905-1908)

Mirko and Natalija of Montenegro with their three youngest sons: Mihailo, Pavle, and Emmanuel

Royal Cousins (left to right): Prince Pavle, Princess Giovanna of Savoy, Prince Mihailo, Princess Mafalda of Savoy, Prince Umberto of Savoy, and Princess Jolanda of Savoy

As World War I took its toll on Montenegro, the nation found itself under Austro-Hungarian occupation in 1916. Mirko was confined at Podgorica (the current capital of the country). The prince remained there until 1918, when, suffering from tuberculosis, he was sent to Vienna for treatment. Mirko succumbed to the disease and died on 2 March 1918, aged thirty-eight. Mirko was survived by his three youngest sons, by his father King Nikola I, and by both of his brothers, Crown Prince Danilo and Prince Peter. 

Prince Mirko's Palace at Podgorica

In 1921, after the death of King Nikola I, Crown Prince Danilo abdicated his rights to the throne several days later. Thus, for a period of some years, between 1921-1929, when the Regency of the Kingdom of Montenegro ended, Prince Mirko's only surviving son was considered as King Mihailo I of Montenegro. Mihailo married Geneviève Prigent (1919-1990) in 1941 and had one son, Nikola (b.1944), who is today recognised by the Montenegrin government as Head of the Royal House.

King Mihailo I of Montenegro

Crown Prince Nikola II of Montenegro
In 1920, Princess Natalija of Montenegro took as her second husband Count Gaston Errembault de Dudzeele (1877-1961), the son of Count Gaston Errembault de Dudzeele (1819-1888) and Countess Maria Helene von Abensperg und Traun (1824-1889). Natalija and Gaston had two daughters: Hélène (1921-2006) and Anne-Marie (1922-1984). Both daughters left issue.

Anne-Marie Errembault de Dudzeele, youngest child of Princess Natilja of Montenegro